Conjugation of a-ending verbal base (bhāsa)

bhāsati = speaks

Singular Plural
Third Person bhāse,* bhāseyya bhāseyyuṃ
Second Person bhāse,* bhāseyyāsi bhāseyyātha
First Person bhāse,* bhāseyyaṃ, bhāseyyāmi bhāseyyāma

* This form is mostly found with the a-ending verbal bases.


Conjugation of a-ending verbal base (kiṇā)

kiṇāti = buys, purchases

Singular Plural
Third Person kiṇeyya kiṇeyyuṃ
Second Person kiṇeyyāsi kiṇeyyātha
First Person kiṇeyyaṃ, kiṇeyyāmi kiṇeyyāma


Conjugation of o-ending verbal base (karo)

karoti = does, performs

Singular Plural
Third Person kareyya kareyyuṃ
Second Person kareyyāsi kareyyātha
First Person kareyyaṃ, kareyyāmi kareyyāma


Conjugation of e-ending verbal base (dese)

deseti = teaches

Singular Plural
Third Person deseyya deseyyuṃ
Second Person deseyyāsi deseyyātha
First Person deseyyaṃ, deseyyāmi deseyyāma

* As the terminations of the Optative Mood include the letter ‘e’ (eyya, eyyuṃ, etc.), the ‘e’-ending forms are more common than the ‘aya’-ending forms in case of Optative Mood.


Conjugation of √

hoti = is

Singular Plural
Third Person heyya heyyuṃ
Second Person heyyāsi heyyātha
First Person heyyaṃ, heyyāṃi heyyāma


Conjugation of √bhū

bhavati = is

Singular Plural
Third Person bhave, bhaveyya bhaveyyuṃ
Second Person bhave, bhaveyyāsi bhaveyyātha
First Person bhave, bhaveyyaṃ, bhaveyyāmi bhaveyyāma


Conjugation of √as

atthi = is

Singular Plural
Third Person assa, siyā assu, siyuṃ
Second Person assa, siyā assatha
First Person assaṃ, siyaṃ assāma

Please Note : The conjugated forms of √as in the Optative Mood are quite different from all the other verbs. However, these forms occur quite frequently in the Suttas, with reference to various similes. Often, they also form Sandhis by combining with the preceding word. Hence, it is advisable to have these forms handy for reference, while reading the Suttas in Pali.

Last modified: Thursday, 25 January 2024, 1:27 PM