We have so far learnt nouns ending in vowels a, ā, i, ī, u and ū. We studied such vowel-ending nouns across all the genders – masculine, feminine and neuter. We learnt their declension and translated sentences containing their declined forms.

There are no e-ending nouns in Pali. The nouns ending in the vowel o, are mostly derived from the noun ‘go’. Let us study declension of the noun go.

Declension of o-ending nouns

o-ending noun: go
go = cow / bull

Case Singular Plural
Paṭhamā go gāvo, gavo
Dutiyā gāvuṃ, gāvaṃ, gavaṃ gāvo, gavo
Tatiyā gāvena, gavena, gāvā, gavā gohi, gobhi
Catutthī gāvassa, gavassa, gavaṃ gavaṃ, gunnaṃ, gonaṃ
Pañcamī gavā, gāvā, gāvasmā, gāvamhā, gavasmā, gavamhā gohi, gobhi
Chaṭṭhī gāvassa, gavassa, gavaṃ gavaṃ, gunnaṃ, gonaṃ
Sattamī gāve, gave, gāvamhi, gavamhi, gāvasmiṃ, gavasmiṃ gosu
Ālapana go gāvo, gavo

Please Note : The noun go has the same forms in masculine and feminine gender as this word is used in Pali, for a cow, a bull or cattle in general.

Last modified: Friday, 22 September 2023, 3:56 PM