The pali word ‘iti’ or the shortened form ‘ti’ is translated as ‘thus’ or ‘as’.

This word has various uses. It can indicate a name, designation or some attribute of a noun, thoughts or realisation of a person etc. It also replaces quotation marks in Pali suttas and demarcates individual sentences in a dialogue or conversation.

Let us understand these uses with the help of a few examples.

Audio for 'iti'

1. …… ‘dussīlo’ iti vuccati.
dussīla = immoral,
iti = as, thus;
vuccati = is said, is called

Translation : (so and so / such a person) is called as ‘immoral’.

Audio for 'iti' sentence 1

2. “……” iti vuttaṃ mahesinā.
vutta = said,
mahesī = the great sage (Buddha)

Translation : “…………” Thus said the Great Sage / Buddha. (Thus / this is said by the Great Sage.)

Audio for 'iti' sentence 2

3. Sutavā ariyasāvako iti paṭisañcikkhati. ….
sutavā = learned,
ariyasāvaka = noble disciple,
paṭisañcikkhati = thinks, considers, reflects;

Translation : The learned noble disciple thinks thus ….

Audio for 'iti' sentence 3

4. Iti kho, bhikkhave, yadaniccaṃ taṃ dukkhaṃ.
yadaniccaṃ = yaṃ + aniccaṃ
yaṃ = (that) which;
taṃ = that,

Translation : Thus, O monks! That which is impermanent is painful / unpleasant / unsatisfactory.

Audio for 'iti' sentence 4

5. Atha kho Somā bhikkhunī “māro ayaṃ pāpimā” iti viditvā ….
atha = then,
bhikkhunī = nun,
ayaṃ = this,
pāpimā = the evil one,
viditvā = having known

Translation : Having known thus – “This is Mara, the evil one”, the nun Soma then ………. (said something to him)

Audio for 'iti' sentence 5

6. (Seeing and knowing thus, one’s taints are exhausted)
… iti rūpaṃ iti rūpassa samudayo, iti rūpassa atthaṅgamo, iti vedanā … pe … iti saññā … iti saṅkhārā … iti viññāṇaṃ iti viññāṇassa samudayo, iti viññāṇassa atthaṅgamo.
samudaya = arising, origin;
atthaṅgama = end, cessation

Translation : Thus (such) is form, thus is the origin of form, thus is the cessation of form, thus is feeling …. thus is perception … thus are the volitional formations …. thus is consciousness, thus is the origin of consciousness, thus is the cessation of consciousness.

Audio for 'iti' sentence 6

Pe = Peyyāla. It indicates that certain lines or a passage has been omitted.

Last modified: Friday, 4 August 2023, 9:53 AM