Of these three roots corresponding to the English verb ‘to be’, only √ and √bhū have conjugated forms in the Future Tense. We do not find conjugated forms of √as in the Future Tense.

Conjugation of √bhū (bhava)

Singular Plural
Third Person bhavissati bhavissanti
Second Person bhavissasi bhavissatha
First Person bhavissāmi bhavissāma


As the verbal base of √bhū is bhava, which is an a-ending verbal base, it conjugates like other a-ending verbal bases in the future tense.

Conjugation of √

Singular Plural
Third Person hessati hessanti
Second Person hessasi hessatha
First Person hessāmi hessāma

All the future tense conjugated forms of √bhū and √ are translated as ‘will be’.


Let us translate a few Pali sentences into English containing these conjugated verb forms.

1. Ācariyassa putto amacco bhavissati.
Translation : The teacher’s son will become a minister.

2. Rājiniyo upāsikāyo bhavissanti.
Translation : The queens will be / will become lay devotees.

3. Uyyānamhi rukkhesu pupphāni ca phalāni ca hessanti.
Translation : There will be flowers and fruits on the trees in the park.

4. Tvaṃ paṇḍito sappuriso bhavissasi.
Translation : You will be / become a wise (and) virtuous man.

5. Sugatassa sāvakā hessāma.
Translation : We will be the disciples of the Buddha (suagata = buddha / well-gone / well-fared)

Last modified: Thursday, 15 June 2023, 7:47 PM