In Unit 6 we learnt the declension of ā-ending feminine nouns and translated some Pali sentences into English to understand the usage of various ‘cases.’

Now we will learn feminine nouns ending in vowels – i, ī, u and ū. We will study all these four types of nouns together, as they follow a common pattern of declension. We will study the declension table for each of these types, learn some new Pali words and translate a few sentences into English.

Declension of i-ending Feminine Nouns

‘i’- ending Feminine Noun: bhūmi
bhūmi = ground, earth

Case Singular Plural
bhūmi bhūmi, bhūmiyo
bhūmiṃ bhūmī, bhūmiyo
bhūmiyā bhūmīhi, bhūmībhi
bhūmiyā bhūmīnaṃ
bhūmiyā bhūmīhi, bhūmībhi
bhūmiyā bhūmīnaṃ
bhūmiyā, bhūmiyāṃ bhūmīsu
bhūmi bhūmi, bhūmīyo

Some other i-ending feminine nouns which decline like bhūmi are :

  • ratti = night
  • yuvati = young woman
  • aṅguli = finger
  • kitti = fame, glory
  • vuddhi / vuḍḍhi = increase, growth, prosperity
  • iddhi = prosperity, potency, psychic power
  • pīti = joy, delight
  • nandi = pleasure, enjoyment, delight
  • visuddhi = purity, purification, splendour
  • mutti / vimutti = liberation, freedom, release
  • bodhi = supreme knowledge, enlightenment, bodhi tree
  • khanti = patience, forbearance
  • diṭṭhi = view, belief
  • santuṭṭhi = satisfaction, contentment
  • sati = memory, mindfulness


Let us revise the vocabulary with the help of following activity :

Last modified: Wednesday, 10 May 2023, 12:24 PM